St. Francis Inn, St Augustine Florida
Visitors today to The St. Francis Inn find echoes of our colorful past in the tranquil ambiance of the St. Francis Inn. Enter the Inn from brick-paved St. George Street, through the wrought-iron archway into the walled garden courtyard. Here a fountained pond is fed from an artesian well at St. Augustine’s historic “Oldest House,” just a block away on old St. Francis Street. The courtyard is a relaxing oasis, with lush banana trees, bougainvillea, and colorful tropical flowers. Guests frequently enjoy their breakfasts in the courtyard and often gather there for the evening social hour. The towering trees provide cool shade in the summer, and the gas fire pit is a favorite guest spot on a winter evening for making Inn s’mores! Just around the corner from the courtyard is the St. Francis Inn’s inground temperature-controlled swimming pool, a private retreat in all seasons. (See the arrangement of these outdoor Guest Common Areas on our Property Map)
St Francis Inn is on the National Register of Historic Places. Dating from 1791, it is unquestionably St. Augustine’s “oldest inn.” The building itself embodies the rich history and culture of the nation’s oldest city, and visitors are invited to delve into the stories that comprise its colorful past.
The St. Francis Inn dates from the city’s Second Spanish Colonial Period; its architecture reflects the early residents’ concern for their own safety and protection. So great was the threat of invasion that, by order of the King of Spain, houses were to be constructed so that they might “serve as a defense of fortress against those who might attempt to occupy the town.” Consequently, the building stands directly on the street, shielding the front entrance and peaceful courtyard enjoyed by visitors and residents alike.
The quaint nooks and crannies of our eclectic Inn create a cozy, homey feeling in our interior Guest Common Areas. Our welcoming lobby immediately makes guests feel comfortable, with our front desk check-in area and gift center. From the reception room through the hallway arch, guests help themselves to iced tea, inn-blend coffee, water, specialty coffee drinks, fruit, and Inn-baked cookies. The Inn’s fireplaced Living Room is a great place to get to know other guests, devour evening desserts, and plan activities to do during your stay.
The Inn’s Dining Room is bright and cheery, and perfect for enjoying each day’s delicious breakfast offerings. The second floor also has a cozy sitting area for all guests to enjoy, just steps from the large second floor balcony where rocking chair seating overlooks the courtyard garden. (See the arrangement of these indoor Guest Common Areas on our Floor Plans.)
Gaspar Garcia, the property’s first owner, was a military man. A sergeant in the Third Battalion of the Infantry Regiment of Cuba, he was granted the lot in 1791 by the King of Spain and shortly thereafter built a home. In 1802, the property was purchased by Juan Ruggiers, a sea captain, whose family held it until the early years of American rule in Florida. Subsequent owners and residents included other military figures. In 1838 it became the property of Colonel Thomas Henry Dummett. Dummett (1775-1839), who grew up on the Caribbean island of Barbados, retired from Britain’s Royal Marines and began a sugar plantation. He and his wife Mary had 11 children, however, only six lived to adulthood. In 1819, Dummett had moved his family to America after the English ban on slave trade caused many planters in the colonies to give up their way of life.
There is a story that British authorities tried to detain Dummett and that he smuggled himself aboard a ship, hiding in an empty sugar barrel. In 1825, Dummett bought several hundred acres along the Tomoka River south of St. Augustine and built a sugar mill plantation. After a few years of struggling, and developing a rum distillery to process some of his crops, Dummett began to prosper. Like other well-to-do planters, Dummett kept a house in St. Augustine, purchasing what is now the St. Francis Inn in 1842.
Carrying on the military tradition, Colonel Dummett’s daughter Elizabeth married William Joseph Hardee when he was hospitalized while stricken with illness during the Seminole Wars (1835-42). Hardee was an 1838 graduate of West Point, a lieutenant colonel in the Mexican-American War, leader of the Texas Rangers, and a Confederate General. Another Dummett daughter married Brigadier General Melville A. Cochran, whose book of reminiscences described the Inn as “one of the best in St. Augustine” at the time of the Civil War.
Thomas Henry Dummett
William Joseph Hardee
The Inn in 1902
After Colonel Dummett’s death, his daughter Anna Marie (1817-1899), who never married, converted the family home into a lodging establishment in 1845. Anna raised 10 nieces and nephews — children of three of her sisters who had died before the 1860s. When Florida seceded from the Union in 1861, Anna embraced the Confederate cause, even though St. Augustine was quickly occupied by Northern troops and remained under Yankee control until peace came in 1865.
After the war, Anna led a drive to collect money for a monument to the Confederate dead. The monument, an obelisk, still stands in St. Augustine’s central plaza. Anna lived until 1899 and left memoirs of her childhood on the plantation. The sub-tropical forest has reclaimed her father’s Florida sugar plantation, but jumbled piles of brick, two stone arches, and two tall coquina chimneys can be seen at the ruins, just off Old Dixie Highway, about a mile and a half north of the bridge over the Tomoka River in Ormond, Florida.
The Inn was called "Graham House"
in the 1930s
The Inn after 1948
The Finnegans, new owners in 1985
A prominent philanthropist named John L. Wilson purchased the Inn in 1888. Along with extensive renovations to the Inn (such as adding the third floor and mansard roof), he was responsible for a number of new buildings in the neighboring area. Wilson designed and built a house at 34 St. Francis Street which is currently occupied by our innkeepers and their family. Later Mr. Wilson built the house at 280 St. George Street for his daughter Emily. This house, which we call the Wilson House, now includes four rooms and suites of St. Francis Inn. Wilson also donated the first public library, on Aviles Street, on the one condition that Emily Wilson be the librarian!
In the 19th century, the Inn’s owners and occupants included many literary figures and educators. Among them were Aaron Jones, publisher of the East Florida Advocate and the St Augustine News, and Dr. William Haynes Simmons, author of Notices of East Florida, still in print as a classic of Floridiana. Another notable literary resident and guest at the Inn was Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award winner Van Wycks Brooks, author of The Flowering of New England, The Wine of the Puritans, The Malady of the Ideal, John Adington Symonds, The World of H.G.Wells, and The Ordeal of Mark Twain.
One of two female authors who resided at the Inn was Mrs. Verle Pope (Edith Everett Taylor), who wrote Half Holiday and The Biggety Chameleon and Colcorton, a runner-up for the Pulitzer Prize. She was a close friend of Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, and her editor at Scribner’s was the legendary Maxwell Perkins. The second was Mrs. Gladys Hasty Carroll, author of the widely read novel As the Earth Turns.
It should be noted that the Inn was not always named “St. Francis.” During the early 1900s, the building was identified as “The Teahan House,” “The Hudson House,” “The Valencia Annex,” (named after the Valencia Hotel which was located on the site of our current parking lot), “The Amity Apartments,” “The Salt Air Apartments,” “The Palms,” and “The Graham House” (see the original signboard in the countertop at our front desk). Historically, it is identified as the “Garcia-Dummett House,” after some of its early owners. It was not until 1948 that the Inn was christened “The St. Francis Inn.”
Most recently, the St. Francis Inn added two new unique accommodations in a historic home just a few blocks away. The “1894 House,” named for its year of construction, features two apartment-style suites of rooms. The first floor is called “Sailor’s Rest.” The second story is “Ambrose’s Retreat,” named for one of the Victorian style home’s early owners, Ambrose Colee, a member of the family which operated the first and longest-running horse carriage business in St. Augustine.
Off Street Parking
An old city like St. Augustine was not designed for the vehicle traffic of today, but the St. Francis Inn has off-street parking for guests, conveniently adjacent to the Inn. Our parking lot (once the site of the Valencia Hotel) is on the west side of St. George Street (which is a narrow brick paved street, one way running north to south).
The parking lot is identified with a sign that reads “St. Francis Inn Guest Parking.” The main Inn is across the street.
Joe & Margaret Finnegan with
children Patrick & Beth
The St. Francis Inn Gift Center is conveniently located in the Inn’s Welcome Lobby. Take home a memento of your visit with our large selection of signature products and logo items, or bring a gift home to a friend, relative, or your dog!
Our collection includes favorites such as our ceramic or glass logo coffee mugs, playing cards, Christmas ornaments, champagne flutes, magnets, vases, t-shirts, caps, insulated and canvas totes, plaid picnic blankets, monogrammed robes, and flying frisbees for your pooch. Take home the bath products you enjoy during your stay at the Inn, including wildflower bubble bath, milk & shea butter liquid hand soap, hand and body lotion, plus gardener’s soap, herbal bath salts, natural loofah, botanical soaps, and glycerin soaps in assorted scents.
We’ve also packaged some favorites from the Inn’s kitchen, including 1791 granola, apple butter, and barbecue sauce, plus the sherry, champagne, wine and local spirits you might taste while at the Inn. There is a selection of local artists’ work, depicting the Inn buildings and St. Augustine landmarks, with notecards too. Choose a cookbook or storybook of local hauntings, or handcrafted beaded bracelets. Don’t forget to buy an Inn gift certificate for someone special too.